Abbiamo inviato un questionario a un gruppo di mamme del nord e sud d’Italia: in tante hanno pagato la maternità con la solitudine e spesso hanno perso il lavoro. Ma c’è anche chi, con un impiego precario, ha dovuto rinunciare ad avere un figlio. Lo Stato? Il grande assente:una su due vorrebbe cambiare Paese.
‘Joni Hersch, a law and economics professor at Vanderbilt University, analyzed data from the 2003 National Survey of College Graduates and crossed the information with the Carnegie Foundation’s classifications of schools and selectivity measures from Barron’s Profiles of American Colleges. She found that women who attended highly selective schools are more likely to opt out of the workforce than are their counterparts from less selective schools.’
At once, it is important to remind that women having a wealthy background (family, university…) have influential social networks, therefore have better chances to obtain executive positions. In France, 51% of the managers and executives have a privileged background and a good social network. As a result, women with influential friends and family benefit from the opportunity to choose whether to work or not. Thus double struggle for the less privileged.
Women are contradictorily positioned in capitalism as free workers and citizens, yet devalued as females. For many women, adding to the unpaid value of our wage work is the socially necessary yet unvalued and appropriated labor we perform in feeding, clothing, and educating people in our households, in caring for children, the elderly, and the sick, and in the myriad forms taken by our unpaid or underpaid caretaking in the workplace. In many developed and overdeveloped sectors of the world, the traditional mandate that women serve others is contradicted by capitalism’s prescriptions that we serve ourselves, be in control, and compete with others as fully autonomous individuals.